Athena. S.IV aC. s. Greece. Aegina, Temple of Aphaia.
Original marble of Paros.Museo of the Louvre. Paris.
Athena, also called Pallas Athena, is the Hellenic Goddess identified later in Rome as Minerva. The great Greek poet Pindar, so tells us his birth: ‘Zeus, of prudent advice, the begat himself in his augusta head coated Golden and glittering arms.’ The immortals to looking at her were shocked of admiration and respect. The violent thrust of the goddess of dazzling look, profundamente shocked the rest of Olympus: he rang the Earth with hideous DIN, agitóse the sea and the waves are confused with clouds. «In the sky, the brilliant son of Hyperión halted long time their fastest steeds, until the Pallas Athena Virgin there was relieved his immortal shoulders the weight of the divine armor». Pallas Athena, leaving armed male head, representing the wise always willing to fight against ignorance and error. It is the goddess of war whose attributes are the mind and discretion, rather than the value and strength, which is her linked to military tactics. It is also goddess of literature, and chairs the arts, function which tends to supplant the muses; However, he maintains a closer relationship with that philosophy with poetry and music as such. It is protective as well as crafts and industry, and was frequently chosen as protector and Patron Saint of the cities, as it was the case in Athens, city which even took its name. The attributes of Athena were the spear, the helmet and the aegis. In his shield fixed the head of Gorgon, Perseus had given him, and had the virtue of trocar in stone who her look. Its plant was the olive tree; and your pet OWL, symbol of wisdom, by his able to see in the dark, penetrating eyes and your constant attention.