The cultural splendor that the city of Córdoba experienced during the Caliphate period was evident in the construction of the Mosque of Cordoba, a building erected between the 8th and 10th centuries, with successive reforms and extensions that were carried out by the different dignitaries of the government Cordovan.
The first mosque was erected by the caliph Abd al Rahman I between 786 and 788, on the site of the old Visigothic church of San Vicente.
It consisted of an almost square Haram and eleven ships of twelve sections each. Highlights inside the novel system of supports in which combine columns with superimposed pillars, arches and horseshoe arches. Abd alí Rahman II undertook its expansion from the year 848, demolishing the Kibla wall and adding eight more sections. Later, in the days of Abd alí Rahman III, Al Hakan II and Almanzor, new reforms were made that gave the building its final appearance.