Scribe and Maat. (21, 5x8x15cm.)
Reproduction made of resin marble (marble dust + resin). Completion with old patina.
Goddess Maat. Egypt. Low time. Between 1085 and 332 b.c. Original copper metal. Museum of the Louvre.Paris.
Maat was the Egyptian goddess of righteousness, truth and justice. His symbol was a blue ostrich feather.This pen that adorns his head was serving as a counterweight on one of the dishes of the balance that was used during the "trial of the dead', which carried the Court presided over by the God Osiris. On the other side is placed the heart of the deceased, which represented their actions in life. If the heart was as light as a feather, then that was tried was prepared to overcome the evidence that would lead to the Amenti (land of Amun). If the heart weighed more than the pen would have to return to the land and continue the cycle of incarnations until his actions were pure and free from all unrighteousness. The goddess Maat personified the order, a fundamental idea in the Egyptian world view. And in this sense it represented one of the main responsibilities of the Egyptian monarch: the restoration and maintenance of order and security originating in the cosmos; thus often it represents the goddess in scenes in which the King presents a statuette of Maat as a symbolic offering to the gods. On the other hand, it was closely related to the ideas of truth and justice, so that judges in the performance of their duties was seen as priests of Maat.
The Egyptian scribes were those who knew the science of writing in ancient societies, were of great importance and occupied senior positions in the social scale. They were high-ranking officials from the Middle Kingdom. In the new Kingdom, the title of Royal scribe was taken even by princes. During low there was the title of «the divine book scribe» or iron-Grammata, occupied a high position in the clergy. The Egyptian priests had a great preparation cultural, as temples were centers of transmission of culture.